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Dental Crowns: Types, Procedure & Care


Dental Crowns (1)

Dental crowns, also known as caps, are a versatile dental restoration used to protect and strengthen teeth. They can address various concerns, from structural damage to cosmetic flaws. If you’re considering getting a dental crown, this blog post will provide a comprehensive guide to everything you need to know. Visit our reputable Dentist San Antonio TX, for expert guidance on dental crowns, including types, procedures, and maintenance tips for a radiant smile.

Dental Crowns

What are Dental Crowns?

A dental crown is a tooth-shaped prosthetic that fits over a prepared tooth, restoring its size, shape, strength, and appearance. Crowns are custom-made to blend seamlessly with your surrounding teeth, ensuring a natural look and optimal functionality.

Types of Dental Crowns

Dental crowns come in various materials, each with its advantages and disadvantages. Here’s a breakdown of the most common types:

Metal Crowns

Traditionally made from gold or a gold alloy, metal crowns are incredibly durable and long-lasting. However, their metallic color may only be aesthetically pleasing for some.

Ceramic Crowns

Ceramic crowns are similar to porcelain crowns but are made from a different type of ceramic material that offers greater strength while maintaining a natural appearance. They are an excellent option for both front and back teeth and are particularly popular among those who prefer a metal-free restoration. Ceramic crowns provide a good balance between aesthetics and durability.

Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal (P.F.M.) Crowns

These crowns offer a good balance between aesthetics and strength. The inner layer is made of metal for durability, while the outer porcelain layer provides a natural tooth-like appearance.

All-Porcelain Crowns

Ideal for front teeth due to their excellent aesthetics, all-porcelain crowns are known for their natural-looking translucency. However, they may be weaker than other crown types.

Zirconia Crowns

A newer type of crown, zirconia offers exceptional strength and aesthetics. They are a good choice for patients who require a solid and natural-looking crown.

When Are Dental Crowns Needed?

Dental crowns can be recommended for various reasons, including:

Severely decayed or fractured teeth

When a large portion of a tooth is damaged by decay or trauma, a crown can restore its structure and prevent further breakdown.

Root canal-treated teeth

Root canals remove the tooth’s pulp, making the tooth more brittle. A crown protects the weakened tooth and prevents breakage.

Cosmetically flawed teeth

Crowns can address cosmetic issues like discoloration, misshapen teeth, or teeth with large fillings.

Dental bridge support

Crowns can serve as anchors for dental bridges, which replace missing teeth.

The Dental Crown Procedure

The dental crown procedure typically involves two appointments:

First Appointment

During the first visit, your dentist will examine and prepare the tooth for the crown. This may involve removing the decay, shaping the tooth, and taking an impression to create a mold for the custom crown. A temporary crown will be placed to protect the tooth until the permanent crown is ready.

Second Appointment

At the second appointment, your dentist will remove the temporary crown and carefully check the fit and color of the permanent crown. Once satisfactory, the permanent crown will be cemented onto the prepared tooth.

Caring for Your Dental Crown

With proper care, dental crowns can last for many years. Here are some tips for maintaining your dental crown:

Practice good oral hygiene

Brush your teeth twice daily and floss daily to remove plaque and prevent gum disease, which can affect the crown and underlying tooth.

Avoid hard foods

Chewing on hard candy, ice, or other hard objects can damage or crack the crown.

Regular Dental Checkups: Why They’re Essential

Schedule regular dental checkups and cleanings to ensure your crown and oral health are in good condition.


Dental crowns are a valuable tool in restorative and cosmetic dentistry. They can restore strength, functionality, and aesthetics to damaged or flawed teeth. If you have questions about dental crowns or whether they’re right for you, consult your dentist. They can assess your needs and recommend the best treatment for a healthy and beautiful smile.